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    教育最大的风险,是父母低层次的教育认知局限

    教育最大的风险,是父母低层次的教育认知局限


    来源:学习力教育中心  作者:余建祥

      教育最大的风险在于无法再重来一次,你不可能将教育不成功的孩子当成次品扔掉或销毁。也就是说,时间成本是教育最大的成本,一旦错失最佳的教育时机,教育成本和失败几率就会呈几何级地上升。而这当中,父母的教育认知是最关键的因素。

      我们经常看到一些孩子厌学到不想去学校了,家长才开始着急,而焦虑的情绪下只会让孩子对上学更加抵触。对于成绩糟糕的孩子,多数家长、老师会普遍认为这个孩子智商不行,或者不是学习的料。而现实是,高二快结束时排名倒数、被老师认为连专科都很难考上的孩子,通过一年科学的调整,以班级第一的成绩考入国内排名前三的名校。年级段排名倒数第二、第三的学渣姐妹,也可以逆袭分别考上世界名校牛津和剑桥。

      如果用一组公式,大家就可以明白自己的教育认知局限:

      学习成绩(学习结果)=学习时间×学习效率

      从这个等式可以看到,“学习时间”和“学习效率”这两个变量都会对学习成绩产生影响。显然,多数家长和老师都把注意力放到了“学习时间”这个变量上,因为这是最容易把控的。于是乎,题海战术、给孩子报补习班成了多数老师和家长最常用的“招数”。最终结果,有效果和没效果,甚至反效果的都有。如果“学习效率”不变,在这个前提下,增加学习时间显然是有效的,但如果增加学习时间过度,导致学习效率下降,就有可能导致无效果,甚至反效果。这种做法在小学学习内容简单,课外时间充裕的现状下,效果普遍会比较理想。而一旦进入中学,学习难度和学习内容都大幅增加的情况下,这种做法基本就效果大打折扣了。这也是为什么很多通过时间换空间取得良好成绩的小学生,进入中学后成绩会急剧下滑的重要原因。

      对于一个中学生来说,除去基本的睡眠8小时,加上用餐、体育活动、中场休息等2~3小时,基本上每天的学习时间也就在十一二个小时,要想比别的同学多增加更多学习时间相对是有限的。也就是说,要想有效提升学习时间难度极大,最多别人学习11个小时,你学习13个小时,基本顶天了。要想把学习时间提升为别人的一倍几乎是完全不可能实现的。

      但是,学习效率要提升一两倍是很容易实现的。根据学习金字塔理论,不同的学习方式效率差最高可达18倍,如果再加上学习状态、情绪等的影响,可以很容易达到几十倍的差距。现实中,我们通过学习管理,可以很容易把一个学生的学习效率大幅提升。

      所以,与其去提升很难提升的“学习时间”变量,不如去有效提升那个容易提升的“学习效率”变量。如果家长、老师的教育思维不转变,老盯着“学习时间”这个变量,只会让孩子越来越厌学,而当孩子心里抵触的时候,学习效率会大幅下滑,与抱薪救火无异。我们在学习力教育实践中,更多的是减少孩子的学习时间,通过科学调整,有效提升孩子的学习效率,从而大幅提升孩子的学习成绩,重塑学习自信心。

      可见,家长低层次的教育认知局限,是孩子学习成长中最大的风险。(余建祥)


    ·上一篇文章:家庭教育的有效期和界限
    ·下一篇文章:《人生七年》启示:穷人买车,富人投资教育


    转载请注明转载网址:
    http://www.pibaok.com/news/xdjtjiaoyu/1987172654FGAD90IJ3E667BE94B88.htm




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